«LAS MENINAS» BY VELASQUEZ
- What does the title «Las Meninas» mean?
- Why was Prado museum opened?
- How did many of Velasquez works get into museum?
- Does the painting travel to other museums and art galleries?
- What is a child princess doing in the painting?
- What is the dwarf doing?
- Where’s the artist in the painting?
- How do you know it is a royal portrait?
- How did the artist blur the boundary between reality and art?
- How does historical context help us understand this painting more?
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Today we`re going to learn about the famous artist, Claude Monet. Born on November 14, 1840, Claude Monet was a nineteenth century French painter and one of the founding fathers of French impressionism. Some consider him the one of the most important painters of the Impressionist movement, and he was certainly one of the most prolific, creating more than two thousand five hundred paintings, drawings, and pastels in his lifetime.
Monet was the second son of his parents. Though he was born in Paris, France, his family moved to Normandy only a few years later. His father was a businessman, and his mother was a singer. Monet`s father wanted him to go into the family`s grocery business, but Monet wanted to become an artist. When he was only ten years old, he entered the local art school and began his studies. By age fifteen, Monet was well-known in the town where he lived for drawing caricatures or exaggerated portraits of the people around him. His drawings were so good that people were happy to buy them and Monet attracted the attention of more experienced artists who helped him to improve. In 1857, Monet`s mother died. Shortly afterward, he left school and went to live with his aunt. In 1861 Claude Monet joined the army for what was supposed to be seven years but after but after two years he became sick and his aunt agreed to pay to get him out of the rest of his service on condition that he`d agree to go back to art school. Monet was not happy with the traditional techniques that were being taught and so after a very short time he left the school and began to study with other artists who were trying to create a new way. They painted outside with quick brushstrokes, more concerned with capturing the feeling of the color and the light than with accurate or realistic painting. This style of painting came to be called Impressionism. By 1865 some of Monet`s work was accepted to the Salon, an annual art show in Paris and his work began to be appreciated, but he was still very poor. He married his first wife, Camille in 1870 and together with their young son they moved first to England, then the Netherlands, but by late 1871 they returned to France. In 1878 Camille gave birth to their second son, but she was very sick and died the next year. Monet had a very difficult time following his wife`s death, but within a few years his career began to take off as his dealer had more and more success selling his paintings. In 1883 Monet settled in a house in Giverny, France with Alice Holschede, who cared for his children as well as her own six children. By 1890 Monet was doing well enough to buy the house and the land around it and to build a greenhouse, a studio and a garden full of water lilies. In 1892 following the death of her husband, Monet married Alice and spent his remaining tears painting in the gardens of Giverny. He often painted the same thing many times in an attempt to capture them in different seasons, light or colors. He continued painting up until his death on December 5, 1926 at the age of 86.
Today Monet is remembered for the changes he helped to create in the world of art. By moving away from realism, or realistic painting, he prepared the way for more modern styles of art. His paintings hang in museum around the world and his beautiful gardens are open for visitors who want to come and see the place that the renowned artist created so many of his paintings.
MY STUDENT’S COPYBOOK:
MY STUDENTS AND I VISITED THE GENERAL STAFF BUILDING! We were describing paintings and talking about the life of Claude Monet. This way, we used all the material we had been learning at our English lessons.
Я с моими учениками посетила Главный штаб Эрмитажа! Мы описывали картины и разговаривали о жизни Клода Моне. Таким образом, мы использовали в речи весь материал, который до этого изучили на уроках английского языка.